Many residential properties are serviced by private wells. If you rely on a well to provide your home with access to the water your family uses each day, knowing how to troubleshoot common well problems is essential.
If you discover that your home's plumbing fixtures suddenly have no water pressure, here are three simple things that you can do to restore proper water pressure once again.
1. Check your well pump's electrical connections.
Water is delivered from a private well and into your home with the help of a specialized pump. This well pump relies on electrical currents to perform properly. Over time, the electrical relays that connect your well pump to your home's electrical supply can malfunction.
If you notice that your home has no water pressure, then you should begin troubleshooting the problem by checking for blown fuses or faulty electrical relays on your well pump.
2. Check your water table.
Many private wells are serviced by submersible pumps. These pumps are lowered directly into the water, where they rely on suction to help deliver water from the well and into your home. Fluctuations in the water table within your well are normal, but serious changes could compromise your well pump's ability to function properly.
If you notice that your home doesn't have any water pressure, you should check the current water table within your well. If water levels have significantly dropped, you may need to lower your well pump in order to ensure that it remains fully submerged in the water. This should help eliminate any problems related to your pump's access to water.
3. Prime your water pump.
If your well is serviced by a submersible pump, these pumps are self-priming. If your pump is located above the water table, then you may need to prime the pump from time to time in order to ensure proper function. A loss in water pressure could indicate that it's time to prime your pump.
This process can be completed by connecting a garden hose that has access to an alternate water supply. The hose will run water backwards through your plumbing system, allowing the pressure tank to fill completely. This should restore proper function to your well pump and allow you to experience normal water pressure within your home once again.
Being able to troubleshoot your well pump is important. Be sure that you take the time to check electrical connections, determine water levels, and prime your pump if your home experiences a loss in water pressure in the future.